Abdominal pain, painful feelings and - most people thus describe the first signs of cystitis and are wrong.
In fact, the disease can continue in an insidious and latent form for more than 3 months, affecting the mucous membranes and deeper layers of the bladder. And the above symptoms can be the beginning of serious complications.
The patient is needed at this stage. Medicines for the treatment of cystitis are available in injections, tablets and powders. The most effective remedy for cystitis is powder. You can find out why you should choose them from our article.
Advantages of powders over tablets
To understand the main difference between powder and tablet, consider the mechanism of effect on the pathogenic microflora.
The powder is absorbed immediately after ingestion and after a few hours its maximum concentration accumulates in the urine, allowing it to fight bacteria. On the third day, the drug is excreted from the body.
They work on a different principle. They are absorbed into the lymphatic system in about 3-4 hours. The active ingredient is then adsorbed in the digestive tract, spread on the vessels and fight microorganisms.
Thus, several advantages of the powder over the tablets can be distinguished:
- It does not cause a problem in the gastrointestinal tract, because it does not end up in the gastric mucosa.
- It is absorbed quickly and acts immediately.
- It neutralizes cystitis pathogens by settling directly on the bladder wall.
- It enhances the healing effect due to the additional water intake required to dissolve the powder.
- Possibility of fractional dosing and mixing with other ingredients.
- Relatively low price.
There are many powder medications available to treat cystitis. Most often they are antibiotics, less often - sulphenylamides or. The most popular of these are drugs belonging to the sulfenylamide group.
The powder is a drug based on a broad-spectrum antibiotic with the active substance fosfomycin. The effectiveness of the drug lies in the neutralization of the enzyme pyruvyltransferase, without the participation of which no bacterial wall can build up. When sprayed on the surface of cells, phosphomycin also prevents the adhesion of the pathogenic microflora.
The drug is not bound to plasma proteins, therefore it can be used in pregnant women and children from 5 years of age according to the indications.
To relieve the acute phase of cystitis, it is sufficient to take the powder once in three gram doses. After two hours, the drug accumulates in the urinary system and begins to act. The efficacy of phosphomycin powder for cystitis is explained by the small number of resistant bacteria (1% of the total). The drug is excreted from the body on day 4 and is used to prevent urogenital diseases.
Another formulation based on sulfacetamide is a water-soluble powder. It belongs to the group of sulfonamides which, unlike antibiotics, do not kill bacteria but stop their growth. Due to its low cost, this drug has been widely used in the past. It is used as an adjuvant medicine three times a day in a sachet for a week.
Other effective treatments
Powdered products are used not only internally but also to rinse the bladder. In severe cases, several medications can be prescribed at the same time: one is the main one and the second is supportive. Therefore, it is useful to know that there are inexpensive analogs with the same effect but with a longer adsorption time.
Group of cephalosporins
The medicine is based on the substance cefaclor. The maximum concentration is reached only after three uses, so its effect on the body occurs only on the second day. It is effective against gram-negative bacteria but has a weak effect on anaerobic microorganisms. The drug should be taken every 8 hours at a dose of 4 g / day.
Powdered cephalosporin antibiotic. It is evenly distributed in all organs. It is partially bound to plasma proteins and is therefore not recommended for pregnant women and children. It has a devastating effect on most gram-positive bacteria. It is rapidly excreted from the body. Dosage schedule 1, 5 g - twice a day.
The drug belongs to the group of semisynthetic penicillins. It has a detrimental effect on bacteria during their active growth phase. Resistance of the microorganisms to the penicillin series can be observed with repeated use. It has many side effects and is contraindicated in kidney and liver diseases.
A urine culture should be performed before use and the pathogen of the disease should be found. If it is not E. coli, taking the drug may aggravate the course of the disease.
The system of taking the drug 4 times a day, 1 tsp.
Principles of disease management
Treatment of cystitis should begin with the identification of the causes. The most common pathogens are Escherichia coli, staphylococci, streptococci, mycoplasma and ureaplasma. Acute cystitis resolves rapidly with the above medications. already requires a different approach and adheres to the following principles:
- Complex use of drugs.Etiological treatment includes 7 days of broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy. Thereafter, nitrofurans are prescribed for up to six months.
- Local treatment. . . The aim of pathogenic therapy is to eliminate hormonal and immune system disorders and to correct genital hygiene. They perform practical therapy. Also often used solutions of silver nitrate or heparin.
- Eliminate the source of inflammation and strengthen the immune system. . . They are also treated in the presence of concomitant diseases while prescribing immunomodulatory drugs;
- Prescribing antihistamines and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, for the relief of severe pain syndrome.
- Use of severe medications, medical procedures, and surgeries. . . In case of chronic inflammation that is difficult to treat, physiotherapy and novocaine blockade are performed. If the bladder shrinks, surgery may be needed.
How does cystitis powder help? Inflammatory processes in the bladder area or cystitis are not uncommon at all. According to medical statistics, almost half of the world’s population suffers from it. The disease primarily affects women, and this is due to the simple reason that, unlike the male urogenital system, the female has a shorter and wider urethra.
How is cystitis treated?
Such a special structure greatly helps the various harmful organisms to climb into the bladder organ and create the conditions for the onset of the inflammatory process. When a problem arises, treating the disease becomes the main issue. Therapy is prescribed in many ways depending on the cause of the inflammation.
The disease is called precisely primary acute cystitis in medicine. The primary manifestation is not accompanied by other inflammatory diseases of the genitourinary system. The disease has pronounced symptoms. The acute form of the disease is treated with effective antibacterial drugs. These are usually:
- antibiotics for the treatment of cystitis;
- vaginal suppositories;
- special powder for cystitis.
The medicine should be taken as directed by your doctor. If all recommendations are followed correctly, successful treatment can be completed within 7-10 days and recovery can have a very positive effect within 5 days of medical therapy.
The most important thing is to see a doctor immediately at the first signs of the disease, not to delay the trip to the clinic until the disease takes on complex forms. Your doctor will prescribe a course of therapy and after completing it will definitely perform further tests to make sure there are no signs of the disease.
Synthetic antibacterial agents
There are several medical powders for treating the symptoms of cystitis. The first drug from the group of synthetic antibiotics, whose active ingredient is furazidine, is a soluble powder.
The drug is used in the following cases:
- Sepsis, an infection of the blood with harmful particles from a source of purulent inflammation.
- Purulent infection.
- If you have pneumonia.
- Inflammation of the urethra.
- Anaerobic infection, i. e. a bacterial infection.
It has a very lasting effect in cystitis. Once in the body, it can have a therapeutic effect for another two weeks.
The main positive feature of the drug is that it kills bacteria with gram-negative and gram-positive properties well when exposed to inflammatory areas. The drug also infects microorganisms that are resistant to various antibiotics and sulfate substances.
The medicine should be taken 2-3 times a day after meals. A dose of 0, 1 or 0, 2 g of soluble powder. In children, the daily dose of the drug can be 0, 2-0, 7 g, per 1 kg of child's weight.
Nutrifuran group preparations
Drugs in the nutifuran group are powders that can be recommended to the patient by their doctor. They have many advantages, the most tangible of which is that they are cheap and at the same time very effective.
Price multiplied by efficiency is an important incentive to buy it. It is an antimicrobial agent often referred to as an antibiotic. The drug kills microbes that have entered the body and leads to destructive activities. These are the organisms that eventually cause cystitis. This is done by destroying protein synthesis, which is vital for harmful cells.
Formulations of the nutifuran group are used in the presence of the following inflammatory processes:
It is also used for the prophylactic treatment of the urethra before urinary tract surgery.
The regimen of ongoing therapy is selected individually for each patient. The standard instructions for use require you to use 1-2 tablets at a time. In total, this is about 150 g per serving. This medicine should be used 3-4 times a day.
Treatment usually lasts for a week and in some cases is delayed by two.
In the vast majority of cases, the cause of cystitis in adults is the vital activity of bacteria on the bladder mucosa. Because of this, only a properly selected antibiotic can cope with the disease, all other drugs only weaken its symptoms. In some cases, the clinical picture is so vivid that there is no time to wait for the results of the analyzes collected. In this case, doctors prescribe cystitis powder to their patients. The drug quickly shows its efficacy and the dosage form has several undeniable advantages.
Advantages and disadvantages of powdered drugs
Before you start using powders to treat cystitis, not only the strengths but also the disadvantages of the product need to be assessed. This is best done by a urologist. Despite its apparent efficacy and safety, the product should only be taken with the permission of a doctor, within therapeutic doses, but within the prescribed time.
The table shows the advantages and disadvantages of cystitis powders:
|Advantages of the powder formulation||Disadvantages of the preparation in powder form|
|The product is well absorbed but does not irritate the delicate mucous membranes of the digestive system.||If the product is not accepted according to the rules, its effectiveness will be minimal.|
|The antibiotic must be diluted with liquid before use. This automatically increases the amount of water you drink, which flushes the bladder.||The product is excreted by the kidneys. The use of this organ is prohibited due to its reduced functionality. Otherwise, there is a risk of developing kidney failure.|
|It is sufficient to take 3 g once to achieve a stable therapeutic effect.||For some patients, the taste of the powder is unpleasant. Sometimes nausea and abdominal pain occur.|
|The drug quickly relieves the symptoms of acute inflammation. It is effective even if you have a disease that is accompanied by blood in your urine.||For maximum effect, the bladder should be emptied before taking the medicine. In some situations, this is quite difficult to deal with (especially in the background of dysuria).|
|Due to the simplicity of the manufacturing process, the product is cheaper than in tablet form.|
Before you start taking the powders against cystitis, you need to examine all the necessary tests, you need to do a test. In rare cases, cystitis is not the result of bacteria but of viruses or fungi. In such a situation, the product may not help, the patient will need a different profile of therapy.
Use of powders in the background of cystitis
The duration, doses and schedule of powder antibiotic intake will be determined by your doctor. The characteristics of the patient's condition, the causes of the disease, the use of additional medications may change the indicators. For people with acute cystitis, one intake of the product is usually sufficient. The chronic disease requires treatment for at least 2 days, after which the patient is prescribed other antibiotics to consolidate the effect obtained. In the case of chronic cystitis, powder formulations are not prescribed as often, many doctors do not consider it appropriate to use them in this case.
- For an adult, a single dose is 3 g, in some cases this figure may vary downwards.
- Indications for single dose reduction are patient age, childhood, pregnancy, and patient renal failure.
- It is used with caution in diabetes, it contains sucrose.
- It is recommended to take the powder in the evening to get rid of cystitis. In this case, the bladder should be emptied. The stomach should be empty at this point. When the medicine is mixed with food, its effectiveness will be minimal.
In some forms of cystitis, the use of a single antibiotic is not sufficient. To achieve the desired effect, the patient also prescribes antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory drugs. Such drugs are best used as a drip, and not just by mouth, relief will occur much more quickly.
Indications and contraindications for the use of powder preparations
Reception is not only possible in acute or chronic cystitis, the antibiotic is also effective in the presence of other diseases. This makes it easier to treat patients in whom the inflammatory process has spread beyond the bladder. In particular, the product is excellent for acute and chronic inflammation of the urethra when caused by E. coli or staphylococcus. The drug is effective in preventing infectious changes in the urinary system during surgery. Simultaneously with the treatment of cystitis, it eliminates the infectious processes in the body that occur in a latent form.
Despite the relative safety, powder treatment has several contraindications:
- Children under 5 years.
- Some degree of kidney failure.
- Intolerance to the components of the drug.
In general, patients tolerate the drug well, but sometimes the negative consequences of treatment are still observed. These allergic reactions can take the form of rashes, headaches, heartburn, nausea. Less pronounced changes in the work of the digestive system are less common: vomiting, diarrhea.
What if the powder doesn't work?
Powder is not the only effective remedy for cystitis. Most often, doctors prescribe it to patients who have a pronounced clinical picture before receiving test results. The increased susceptibility of the causative agents of cystitis guarantees the first positive results shortly after the start of therapy.
If you do not give the desired effect, you may want to consider additional treatment with other antibacterial drugs.
Some of the products listed are very expensive, but well worth the effort. The most important thing is not to forget about additional medications without which taking antibiotics will not give the desired result. Nor should traditional medicine be given up. Combined with traditional therapy, they allow you to get rid of unpleasant symptoms quickly and reduce the risk of their return.
According to statistics, cystitis affects almost 50% of the world’s population. Usually, female MPs are ill with it because their urethra is wider and shorter. What does powder help with cystitis?
The peculiarity of the female structure helps harmful organisms to penetrate the bladder, then creating the conditions for inflammation. Treatment is usually prescribed by paying attention to the factor that causes the inflammatory process.
The medical name of the disease is primary acute cystitis. Symptoms are expressed individually, without inflammation of the urogenital system. Acute diseases are mainly treated with:
- vaginal suppositories;
- powdered products.
Medicines are prescribed after consultation with a specialist. If you strictly follow your instructions, you can get rid of the disease in 7-10 days. With primary symptoms, it is important to see a doctor immediately as the disease can take a complex form. The specialist will make recommendations and send additional tests at the end of the treatment to make sure it is recovering.
When treated alone, the symptoms can be suppressed, but the source of the inflammation does not go away. Complications usually occur after a while, severe manifestations of relapses.
Benefits of powders
Previously, it was only a craft pharmaceutical industry in which pills, aqueous solutions, alcohol tinctures and powders were made. The pills did not exist at all then. The powders were sold in paper bags and in a single batch. The tablets are actually also powders, but they are in gelatin capsules. They were also used to relieve cystitis.
Now the pharmaceutical industry allows you to make tablets, suppositories, injections. Technology is improving every day, but powder products continue to be used successfully. What are their merits?
- A simple manufacturing process that allows the product to be produced at a lower cost;
- The ability to supplement the composition with various ingredients;
- Bioavailability (high level of absorption) - the process of distributing the powder on the intestinal surface is simple;
- The importance of dissolving the powder in the liquid enhances the urinary tract rinsing effect;
- Convenient transport and safety (dust cannot break). However, the shelf life is shorter as they are affected by temperature and humidity.
The disadvantages are:
- Some ingredients taste unpleasant;
- Sometimes the mucous membranes are irritated;
- The powder is more suitable for home use - it is not always possible to dilute it with liquid under working conditions.
Distribution in the body
The degree of powder absorption from cystitis is moderate with a single oral dose. Its bioavailability from the gastrointestinal tract is between 32 and 55%. The maximum concentration of the powder in the blood is reached after an average of 2. 5 hours and the half-life is up to 4 hours.
Once in the body, fosfomycin enters the urine immediately. It does not require binding to plasma proteins and is not subject to any metabolic transformation. Already 4 hours after ingestion, high concentrations of the drug are reached in the urine, which lasts for half a day. But there is enough activity for 2 days for the bactericidal effect to appear, which is enough to purify the urine and is very convenient in treating microbial diseases. Most of the drug is excreted by the kidneys from the body in active form and only a small part in the intestine with feces.
Side effects of powders and drugs against cystitis
When treated with many drugs, side effects are observed in addition to the therapeutic effects. In the case of the drug for cystitis, the instructions for use indicate side effects in the form of the following disorders:
- Neurological: headache, fatigue, dizziness, paraesthesia (altered sensitivity), inflammation of the optic nerve.
- Cardiovascular system: decreased pressure, tachycardia.
- Digestive system: dyspepsia (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea), abdominal pain, colitis.
- Respiratory system: bronchospasm.
- Allergic: itching, hives, anaphylaxis.
- Gynecology: vulvovaginitis.
- Hematology: leukopenia, thrombocytosis.
- Metabolic: elevated liver enzymes (aminotransferases).
These phenomena are observed with different frequencies. If these are severe or you have any other symptoms, talk to your doctor. You may need to prescribe another medicine to treat your cystitis. But phosphomycin is generally well tolerated. And overdose is extremely rare (only if medical instructions are not followed).
Anti-cystitis powder, like all antibiotics, is not free of side effects. Adverse events can be observed from different systems, but if they follow the reception pattern, they are not critical.
Medication for cystitis should be performed under strict medical supervision. It should be borne in mind that the use of antibiotics, including phosphomycin, can cause intestinal dysbiosis and, in severe cases, pseudomembranous colitis. Therefore, therapeutic correction should be performed when appropriate symptoms occur. It should be recalled that food slows down the absorption of phosphomycin and that the sucrose in the product may become a limiting factor in the use of the drug in many patients.
Nevertheless, the drug with the active ingredient fosfomycin is easy to use and provides a pronounced therapeutic effect after a single dose, eliminating urinary tract infections. And although the drug is well tolerated, its use should be determined by your doctor and supervised to avoid adverse effects on the body.